‘The Sacred Journey’: A Monumental Challenge Awaits Pianists of the NTD International Piano Competition
After interruption by a global pandemic and a war, the 6th NTD International Piano Competition is fast approaching, and participating pianists are set to receive the much-awaited commissioned piece that serves as the centerpiece of the competition.
Shen Yun composer and pianist Qin Yuan arranged the commissioned piece for the 6th NTD International Piano Competition. (Courtesy of Qin Yuan)
On Sept. 15, pianists will see the work “The Sacred Journey” for the first time. They have 45 days to prepare for this monumental challenge, which will be played in the semi-final round.
The piano piece was arranged by Qin Yuan, a composer and piano accompanist with Shen Yun. Qin is a prolific composer with notable expertise in delivering the melodies and rhythms of ancient Chinese music through the language of classical music as it was established in the West. Many musicians around the world have tried their hand at combining the musical traditions of the East and West, but none so successfully as Shen Yun, which has wowed millions the world over with its unique compositions and orchestrations.
In past years, jury members have advised pianists to study Shen Yun’s music as they prepare the commissioned piece, as the work is given special weight. Classical music with a Chinese flavor is not common in competitions, at least not nearly as often as French, Russian, Polish, or the Austrian school—so established in the repertoire that a general listener can recognize their origin after a few bars, and a musician can explain why exactly that is so.
The special works commissioned by the NTD International Piano Competition receive acclaim from listeners and pianists alike; during the semi-final round both are often moved to tears. Perhaps it is also stirring to hear new, serious literature for the piano. When Beethoven expanded the repertoire with the Hammerklavier, he wrote that this could occupy pianists for the next 50 years, underestimating the zeal of composers of future centuries. Yet too few composers, even great composers, have added to the canon of great classical piano literature, but today the NTD International Piano Competition is making the effort.
“The Sacred Journey”—vast, virtuosic, and pianistic— is a work well worth the effort and study. Like other works of NTD’s commissioned works it serves to promote the pure authenticity, pure goodness, and pure beauty of traditional arts, and showcase the glory of piano masterpieces from the 250-year golden period of piano literature.
“There’s a common saying that the piano itself is a small orchestra, with its expansive range, expressivity, and dynamics, it’s a very fitting instrument for this undertaking,” Qin said.
A Message of Universal Relevance
Qin’s advice to the interpreters is this: “You must mind the details meticulously, carefully study it, and also—be bold.”
“I can’t give too many spoilers away, lest we encroach on the pianists’ imagination and freedom as they approach this work for the first time,” she said.
At the forefront of her mind when she began to compose was that the music would face an international audience. The competition has historically drawn scores of contestants from scores of different countries around the world, and Qin wanted to deliver a message of universal relevance. This would be a work that artists would contemplate for many hours, and she wanted it to be well worth that deep reflection.
“How can I let them contemplate something meaningful?” Qin thought.
It’s an ancient Chinese belief that mind and matter are one; every thought of the artists’ would appear in their works. For example, ancient China produced a great number of landscape paintings, Qin said, and these landscapes were not depictions of a view the artist saw. Rather, when viewing such a painting, you are experiencing the artist’s state of mind.
Qin had to first calm her mind, clear it of any stray thoughts, and keep only the purest of intentions before she wrote a single note.
In the end, her thoughts turned toward the three essential questions of life.
“Where do we come from? What is the purpose of life? Where do we go after death?” Qin asked. “To think about the spirit is meaningful. As a human being, we live a few decades, and then we pass. What we will leave behind for others? I found this important to contemplate as well.”
Shen Yun’s mission is the revival of 5,000 years of Chinese civilization, a culture believed to be divinely inspired, Qin explained. The entirety of this traditional culture was passed down by the divine, she said, “and what God has always given people is hope.”
In traditional cultures of both the East and the West, faith and hope are intertwined. Hope, as Thomas Aquinas examines thoroughly in his Summa Theologica, is only virtuous if one first has faith.
It is Qin’s wish that this piece brings a little hope to pianists and listeners alike.
“We human beings should preserve the kindness and goodness in our hearts, no matter the external circumstances—whether a pandemic, or a war—whatever chaos arises in the world around us, the one thing we can maintain is what is our our hearts, our goodness and dignity,” Qin said.
The Myth of Pentatonic Music
Any casual listener can tell if music sounds as if it is Chinese, but the technical and structural components of Chinese music—traditional, ancient Chinese music—are beyond most of us.
“A lot of people think it’s based on a pentatonic scale—but it’s actually not. In ancient China there were three scales most commonly used, but all three of these were seven-note scales,” Qin said. “They really used the same notes as the ones you find in Western classical music. But what’s different is how the notes are used and arranged; the musical rules are then entirely different.”
Qin spoke of studying ancient Chinese arts the way pianists study not just Bach’s scores, but his life, in order to understand what the devout Lutheran had left behind in his music. It meant looking at those landscape paintings, and knowing what poems were composed in tandem with the paintings. It was reading the Chinese classic “The Journey to the West” while understanding what the author had gone through in life before he penned the story. Being immersed in this culture is part of what makes Qin one of the foremost composers of music that seamlessly blends East and West. Her works include the music heard in dance performances, where ancient Chinese melodies are brought to life with the arrangement and grandeur of a classical orchestra.
“The pipa and the erhu—both of which we include in our orchestras—are two of the most distinct Chinese instruments,” Qin said.
These two instruments are very characteristic of Chinese music, and so understanding them a bit is key to understanding how to express the music appropriately.
“The pipa is an instrument that is strummed and plucked, many individual and separate notes are played, but the effect is a long unbroken line—it’s very interesting, and I like this instrument a lot,” Qin said.
“The erhu is the instrument closest to the human voice; it has only two strings, which are bowed to be played, but the expressive range and power is tremendous,” Qin said. Many have made a comparison between the instrument’s two strings and the two bands that form our vocal chords; it is an instrument often used to express distinct emotion, from sorrow to mischief, longing to exaltation.
“There’s probably a lot of different ways to interpret the music, but I tried to leave very clear directions,” said Qin, who pored over the score with the publisher over and over, minding even the amount of space printed between two notes. “So the interpreter as a lot of freedom, but can still find their way.”
The 6th NTD International Piano Competition will take place in New York with the semifinal round on Oct. 31, final round on Nov. 1, and the awards ceremony with concert on Nov. 2. All three days will be livestreamed. For more information on NTD Competitions, visit Competitions.NTDTV.com
It is our great honor to be permitted to select and rearrange one of the vocal pieces composed by world-renowned composer and Artistic Director ofShen Yun Performing Arts – D. F. – to be this competition’s Commissioned Composition. Pianists who make it to the semi-finals will have the opportunity to perform this specially commissioned composition. A “Best Rendition Award of the Commissioned Composition” is established for the competition.
Inheriting the characteristics of the Music of Shen Yun, the Commissioned Composition features the perfect harmony of Eastern and Western classical music. The Western piano serves as a foundation, accentuating the distinct sound of Chinese classical music. The bedrock of soul-stirring melodies from the ancient Middle Kingdom is fully brought to life by a Western instrument, the piano. The perfect harmony of Eastern and Western classical music is what makes the Commissioned Composition unique.
The Organization Committee will send the sheet music of the Commissioned Composition to all qualified contestants 45 days prior to the live competition.
Commissioned Composition of the 2019 Competition: The Triumph of Goodness
The Triumph of Goodness by Shih-Yeh Lu (Best Rendition Award Winner of 2019)
The Triumph of Goodness by Vladimir Petrov (Gold Award Winner of 2019)
Commissioned Composition of the 2016 Competition: Glorious Realm
Glorious Realm by Jiaqi Long (Best Rendition Award Winner of 2016)
Glorious Realm by Dmitri Levkovich (Gold Award Winner of 2016)
Excerpts from aninterview with the arranger of the 2016 Commissioned Composition, Ms. Susan Liu
“I arranged “Glorious Realm” (a vocal piece written by Shen Yun Artistic Director D.F.) for piano. With this melody, I deeply recognized the beauty he wrote and the different levels of meaning within the melody—of the divinity achieved. With arranging, the objective is to bring those meanings out.
I divided this into three sections. In the first, I used a pentatonic scale to bring out this gorgeous, divine melody—a Chinese melody—in its native language. Then in the second portion, I used Western harmonies to create a church chorale atmosphere—serious, solemn, humble, and reverent. In the third section, I wanted to bring out the grandiose nature of the melody and used large arpeggios, so as to let the listener hear these different levels contained within this seemingly simple melody.”